Train model manufacturers also produce scenery to place around a model track, but most modellers take this much further and use a variety of techniques to make their own.
In railway modelling, such landscaping is referred to as ‘scenery building’ or ‘sceniking’. To create the countours of the land, modellers often use papier-mâché, which is made by using newsprint soaked in water and carpenters glue – often referred to as white glue.
The modeller will painstaking build layer after layer of the paper to create the exact contours that they want to achieve. Once it is dry, it can also be sanded down to give a smoother all round appearance. They will then usually paint it and once dry, cover it with wood glue. If the modeller is looking to achieve the appearance of green grass, they will then sprinkle a good amount of powdered green felt – also known as flock – and let it set.
Another good option is to use different types of cooking herbs, such as dried thyme, mint, oregano or basil. A liberal application gives a much more realistic green cover. There is also such a thing as static grass, which uses static electricity to make the grass stand up.
There are other techniques that are used to create the scenery, one of them being flour, water and egg – although this is a very old-fashioned way of doing it. Other modellers use bubble wrap and some others will carve and sand undulations out of styrofoam.
Other mediums that are used can include garden soil, potting compost or even wood chips. The ballast under the actual train tracks is normally created by using ground granite. Shrubbery is perhaps the easiest part to create because you can simply pick anything that grows in the wild, dehydrate it and then just glue it into place. The only thing you have to be careful about is not picking anything that is protected by law.